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Sunday, 3 December 2017

Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects


Common types of medication
Effects
Side Effects
Analgesic Medication
Paracetamol, Codeine Phosphate
Relieve mild to moderate pain including headache, toothache, sore throat, sciatica, rheumatic and muscular pain
Difficulty breathing, severe allergic reaction, skin rash, nausea, loss of appetite, drowsiness, constipation, sudden weight loss
Antacids or proton pump inhibitors
Gaviscon, Ranitidine, Omeprazole

To treat Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD), such as indigestion, heartburn and excess stomach acid
Headache, diarrhoea, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, breathing difficulty, swelling of face, lips, tongue, throat or eyelids, redness of skin with blister, wind
Antihistamine
Loratadine, Cetirizine, Piriton
Relieve symptoms of allergies, such as hay fever, pet or dust allergy, hives, nettle rash, insect bites or stings
Drowsiness, skin rash, headache, dry mouth, feeling sick, stomach pain
Laxative
Lactulose, Senna, Laxido, Movicol
Relieve from constipation
Upset tummy or abdominal pain or cramp, bloating, flatulence, nausea, feeling sick
Penicillin
Amoxicillin, Ciprofloxacin
Use to treat bacterial infection such as chest, ear, bladder, urinary tract infection(UTI) and wide variety of infection.
Sore mouth, fever, joint pain, muscle weakness, dark coloured urine, confusion


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